What to Do in a High Blood Pressure Emergency

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If you suffer from hypertension or high blood pressure, you know it’s not easy working constantly to keep your blood pressure down. Some of the ways to achieve this include healthy lifestyle choices and medications. But what do you do when you experience a spike or sudden increase in blood pressure? Ang tawag dito ay hypertensive crisis. This condition is dangerous, and can lead to a stroke, heart failure, heart attack, or aneurysm. Nakakatakot, but don’t worry. This article will explain to you what you can do immediately when your blood pressure spikes up:


1. Seek Medical Care

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Don’t just Google your symptoms - get yourself checked by a professional ASAP. Higher than normal blood pressure is around 180/110. Your doctor will perform a variety of tests to determine how to treat you. These include blood pressure monitoring, eye exams, and testing of the blood and urine.


2. Hypertensive Urgency vs. Emergency

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Hindi porket hypertensive crisis, emergency na agad. ‘Wag mag-panic! There are two types of hypertensive crises: urgencies and emergencies. A hypertensive urgency means your blood pressure is high, but there’s no organ damage or failure. Hypertensive emergency, on the other hand, can lead to stroke and heart failure. It’s important to know the symptoms of a hypertensive emergency: headaches, blurred vision, confusion, seizure, nausea and vomiting,shortness of breath, and chest pain.


3. Getting Yourself Treated

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Hypertensive urgency can be treated within a few hours using blood pressure medication. ‘Pag hypertensive emergency, expect hospitalization combined with oral or intravenous medication.


Sources:

  • http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/expert-answers/hypertensive-crisis/faq-20058491
  • http://www.webmd.com/hypertension-high-blood-pressure/guide/hypertensive-crisis